Siril, a free astronomical image processing software
Siril is meant to be Iris for Linux (sirI-L). It is an astronomical image processing tool, able to convert, pre-process images, help aligning them automatically or manually, stack them and enhance final images. This page is the page for the new version of Siril, legacy Sourceforge project and website are unmaintained.
Who should use Siril?
Siril is targeted to amateur astronomers having acquired images and wanting to process them in a semi-automatic way. It provides a more user-friendly interface than Iris' command line, but it is not yet as automated as DeepSkyStacker or Registax. It also provides a command line to access various processing functions.
The manual alignment capability makes it well fitted for amateur astronomers having bad quality images that automatic tools fail to align properly.
Siril is able to process planetary images (many small images) as well as deep sky images (a few large images with full pre-processing data).
Professional astronomers generally use 32-bit depth images, Siril uses 16-bit images internally, so it will degrade images, although loading 32-bit FITS files is supported.
The software is still in alpha phase, meaning it's still being heavily developed and quite unstable, but most functionalities are working. Many improvements have been done over the previous unmaintained version, including better handling of conversions, image sequences and errors, improving the GUI, and lots of bug fixes. The command line has been reactivated in large proportions, see the list of currently available commands on the dedicated Commands page. New commands and features are also being developed, and new file formats being supported (all RAW, all BMP, all TIFF, JPEG, PNG, Iris' PIC, AVI and other films, SER).
The roadmap for Siril is in the TODO file, and the list of known bugs is maintained in the BUGS file. The changelog is available in the SVN log (not yet available online). Priority for next releases are re-enabling the automatic translation registration, adding support for wavelets and LRGB. If you want to contribute, you are welcome!
Start using Siril
Siril's works internally with FITS images, unsigned 16-bit per pixel and per channel. All images you want to process with Siril thus needs to be converted using the Conversion tab, except for SER (and film) sequences which are (will be) converted on-the-fly.
For pre-processing, Siril applies master offset/bias, dark and flat images to the current sequence. These master images thus have to be processed before processing the actual image sequence. Siril currently does not support processing multiple sequences at the same time, so each layer of the final image must be processed independently before assembling them into a RGB image. A new tutorial will document this process soon.
For most usual functions, see the illustrated processing tutorial page. Videos tutorials will be available soon too.
List of Siril features
New features are being introduced quite regularly. Here is a list of main features:
- Native image format support
- unsigned 16-bit FITS files (other FITS are converted to this format on-the-fly)
- SER files
- AVI and other film files soon
- Image conversion (to the native FITS format only)
- Supported input types: 8-bit and 16-bit BMP, TIFF, JPEG, PNG files, NetPBM binary images, RAW DSLR images.
- Image registration; supported methods:
- Translation for one selected star alignment using FFT. This feature will be remade with the FWHM soon because it doesn't work correctly.
- Manual translation with two preview renderings of the current image with reference frame in transparency.
- Image rotation is not implemented yet.
- Using Theli is considered too, to align frames with a map (fixes image distortion, rotation, translation, according to many stars referenced by astrometry data).
- Image stacking
- Summing and median stacking.
- Pre-processing of images with multi-channel offset, dark and flat images.
- Enhancement of final images: lightness/contrast cursors on each layer, different scaling modes (linear, log, square root, squared, asinh, histogram normalization), negative rendering and clipping.
- A command line for various processing functions, see the list of available commands.
- A star finding algorithm with PSF information
- Only 3-channel colour images assigned to R, G and B are possible. Other assignations are to come, for LRGB or narrowband composition
- Median stack is limited to 50 frames to limit out of memory likeliness
Compilation and installation
Siril is currently only released as source from its subversion base. There is a package for the Arch Linux system, built from the subversion source, in AUR. For other operating systems, you need Subversion (svn command) to retrieve it and autotools and gcc to compile it.
Siril depends on a number of libraries, which all should be available in your operating system if it is recent enough. See a list of packages names for Debian here. Mandatory dependencies are:
- gtk+-3.4 (Graphical user interface library)
- cfitsio (FITS images support)
- fftw (Discrete Fourier Transform library)
- gsl (The GNU Scientific Library)
Optional dependencies are:
- libraw, libtiff, libjpeg, libpng for RAW, TIFF, JPEG and PNG images import and export. The libraries are detected at compilation-time.
Until a package version is released, the only way to get the source is to get it from the subversion repository. Use the command:
(sorry for the bad certificate - this URL does not work for online source viewing with old web browsers). The source is read-only if you have no particular authorization. If you want to participate to Siril and be able to commit on the svn, send a message to user Vincent here.
Once you have got Siril's source code, it's easy to install it. Siril is managed with autotools, so it's simply built using ./configure and make. If you don't have autotools or other development packages, see this install documentation. The configure script is not shipped to allow for better interoperability and can be generated using this command:
$ aclocal && autoconf && autoheader && automake --add-missing
Then run ./configure and make. To install Siril, use the usual:
$ make install
To launch Siril, the command name is
Who is behind Siril?
The project leader of this new version is Vincent. He is a computer scientist (PhD), and uses Siril as an amateur to process images from a Canon EOS and a B&W QSI camera on a 410mm diameter telescope.
Cyril is a physicist (PhD), motivating new developments and providing high quality processing algorithms to Siril.
See the AUTHORS file for the complete list of contributors.